On April 30 – May 11, 2012 the First Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference took place in Vienna. For two weeks delegations of state parties to the Treaty have been discussing pressing issues of implementation of the NPT in clusters of nuclear disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Particular attention has been paid to realization of the Plan of Actions and the Final Document of the previous 2010 NPT Review Conference.
In the center of discussion were the steps for nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and a balance of actions on those pillars of the NPT. The delegations also debated the state of implementation of the Treaty’s provisions, issues of free access to the benefits of peaceful nuclear energy, problems, associated with the functioning and creation of nuclear-weapons-free zones, including in the Middle East, as well as the improvement of the NPT review process itself.
The delegation of Ukraine, consisting of representatives from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Security and Defense Council, State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine took active part in the work of the session and in the discussion on all three pillars of the NPT. In his address to the session representative of Ukraine, Ambassador Volodymyr Yelchenko underlined that Ukraine being a state, which 18 years ago made unprecedented step and voluntarily renounced its inherited nuclear arsenal – the world’s third largest at the time, –consistently undertook steps aimed at strengthening global security and non-proliferation regime for which the NPT continues to play a central role. Ukraine has already fulfilled entirely its pledge taken at the 2010 Washington Nuclear Security Summit to minimize the use of highly enriched uranium in national nuclear research facilities. In this context Ukraine reiterated its principal position that the security assurances for the states, which renounced their nuclear arsenals, as well as for the states, which are non-members of any military alliances, have to be reflected in a legally binding international instrument. The delegation of Ukraine expressed its regret on the continuing slow mood of the work of the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva and called upon all delegations at the session to find necessary solutions to the existing challenges and threats to the nuclear non-proliferation regime.
The state parties to the NPT at the current session have elaborated a number of proposals and the discussion on all problematic issues of the NPT implementation will continue at the Second Session of the Preparatory Committee in Geneva in 2013.