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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
01 January 2020 00:00

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

Established in 1975, today the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the only Transatlantic security organization of which Ukraine is a full participating State since 30 January 1992.

57 OSCE participating States advocate comprehensive security approach within its three dimensions: politico-military, economic and environmental, and human. The network of field operations acting directly in some participating States and providing them with requested assistance represents another comparative advantage of the OSCE. Decisions in the OSCE are taken by consensus.

Active and comprehensive cooperation between Ukraine and the OSCE is considered to be one of the crucial elements of its European and Euro-Atlantic integration (along with cooperation with the EU, NATO and CoE). Ukraine's participation in the OSCE ensures its involvement on an equal footing in considering and managing topical issues of international security and cooperation in the area of the Organization.

The successful Chairmanship of Ukraine in the OSCE in 2013 was another demonstration of the role of our state. In the course of the 20th OSCE Ministerial Council on 5-6 December 2013 in Kyiv, the Ukrainian side has managed to ensure the consensus among 57 participating States on the commitments in settlement of the protracted conflicts, enhancing OSCE efforts in energy and environment, strengthening efforts to address transnational threats, protecting freedom of religion or belief and improving the situation of Roma, furthering the Helsinki+40 Process for coordinating the strategic priorities of the OSCE.

Since March 2014, the Russian-Ukrainian conflict caused by illegal occupation and attempted annexation of the Crimean Peninsula by the Russian Federation and by Russia's military aggression in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine remains the main agenda item within the OSCE. As the reaction of the OSCE, the Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine has been urgently deployed in March 2014 upon request by Ukraine. The Mission provides the participating States with mostly unbiased information on the developments in eastern Ukraine. At the same time, due to the complicated security situation in the monitoring area and impediments to the SMM activities imposed by the Russian armed formations, the SMM does not fulfill in full its tasks as foreseen by its mandate, in particular on the monitoring of the Ukrainian-Russian state border. Having in mind the importance of the border monitoring by the OSCE from both sides of the border, in July 2014 Ukraine has supported the deployment of the OSCE Observer Mission at the Russian checkpoints "Gukovo" and "Donetsk" and continues to urge expanding the mandate of the Mission to other border crossing points located at the segment of the Ukrainian-Russian state border, temporarily uncontrolled by the Government of Ukraine.

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