• A-
    A+
  • English
  • Українською
IAEA has once again confirmed Ukraine’s full implementation of its commitments under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
17 June 2019 09:18

IAEA Board of Governors meeting was held in Agency’s headquarters in Vienna on June 10-13, 2019

The Director General’s Safeguards Implementation Report for 2018 was presented during this meeting. This document declares the “broader conclusion” for Ukraine, which proves the exclusively peaceful nature of all nuclear activities in Ukraine during last year.

For the fifth consecutive time after the start of the Russian armed aggression against Ukraine, the International Atomic Energy Agency states full and effective fulfilment of Ukraine’s international obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. As stated in the Report, the IAEA's conclusion refers to the entire territory of Ukraine, including the temporarily occupied by Russia territories of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol.

With respect to the Agency’s conclusions the diplomat of the Permanent Mission of Ukraine said: “This is yet another proof that despite continued military aggression from a nuclear-weapon State, its temporary occupation and attempted annexation of Crimea, Ukraine remains fully committed to its obligations under the NPT in general and the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement in particular. The aggressor should clearly understand that any of the international organizations, where prevails the rule of law, will never be impudently used to recognize any alteration of the status of Crimea”.

Thus, maintaining the “broader conclusion” for Ukraine in 2018, the IAEA confirms the high level of confidence in cooperation with Ukraine, the effectiveness of Ukraine’s accounting and nuclear materials control system, the efficiency of the Agency's safeguards in Ukraine at the state level, and, which is most important, send an unambiguous message to Russian attempts to achieve any alteration of the status of Crimea in the international organizations fora.

Furthermore, Ukraine delivered several national statements on the IAEA Annual Report for 2018, the Technical Cooperation Report for 2018 as well as the IAEA safeguards implementation in DPRK and Iran.

 

Statements by the delegation of Ukraine at the June Board of Governors are attached:

 

Statement by the delegation of Ukraine at the IAEA Board of Governors meeting

June 10-14, 2019

(agenda item 2 «The Annual Report for 2018»)

Thank you, Madame Chair.

The delegation of Ukraine aligns itself with the statement delivered by the delegation of Romania on behalf of the EU on this particular issue.

In my national capacity, I would like to add the following remarks.

We appreciate the excellent work done by the Secretariat in preparation of the draft Annual Report for 2018. We would also like to commend the Secretariat for both relevant technical briefings held prior to this Board.

Ukraine has expressed its views on the substance of this document during the first briefing. We would like to thank the Secretariat for prompt reaction and taking into account of Ukrainian comments.

However, we encourage the Secretariat to reassess the advisability of having two relevant technical meetings instead of usual one, even taking into account that the Annual report is “Member State’s rather than Secretariat’s paper”.

Madame Chair,

Let me point out that the first IAEA report to cover a full year of the activities of the Agency was issued sixty years ago, in 1959. The period covered and I quote “is characterized by the fact that Member States began to make substantial request to the Agency for assistance, which the Agency was able to meet” – end of quote.

Since 1959, the overall approach has not changed that much, in particular with regard to Member State’s demands for assistance, which continue to increase on daily basis. We are pleased to note that the growth in demand has been harmoniously related to the increase in technical and technological capabilities of the Secretariat.

The draft 2018 Report represents significant Agency’s activities and major achievements throughout the past year. It also provides a clear summary of the IAEA’s steps to ensure that nuclear energy and technology is used with a view to preventing the diversion of nuclear energy from peaceful uses to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

We welcome the fact that Agency’s programmatic activities in 2018 were focused, in a balanced manner, on developing and transferring nuclear technologies for peaceful applications, enhancing nuclear safety and security, and strengthening nuclear verification and non-proliferation efforts globally.

We are pleased that the draft Annual Report for 2018 fully complies with the norms of international law, the IAEA Statute and respective safeguards agreements.

Ukraine welcomes the Agency’s continued efforts to upgrade public communication mechanisms by means of successful development of its web-site and social media. The expand in relevant audience is directly proportional to the increase in public knowledge in the field of application of nuclear energy for sustainable development.

The draft Annual Report informs us that the financial implementation of the Technical Cooperation Fund in 2018 stood at 85,7% which is 0,6% less in comparison with 2017. With respect to this point, we kindly request the Secretariat to elaborate more on the steps taken to ensure that this reduction has not affected the efficiency of the planned TC activities.

Ukraine strongly supports the IAEA’s practical efforts to strengthen capabilities of the Illicit Trafficking Database (ITDB), a voluntary mechanism to share nuclear security related information.

Ukraine recognizes the Database as a credible source of information on illicit trafficking as well as other unauthorized activities with nuclear and radioactive material out of regulatory control. For our part, during 2018 Ukraine has sent 26 informational messages to the ITDB. We call on all Member States to actively and in comprehensive manner participate in relevant information sharing within the Database. Such approach will substantially reduce the possibility of emergence of ruthenium-like incidents and will clear the path for bringing to accountability of perpetrators. 

With these remarks, Ukraine wishes to thank the IAEA for its Annual Report for 2018 and joins other Member States in recommending of its submission for the General Conference’s approval. 

Thank you, Madame Chair.

 

Statement by the delegation of Ukraine at the IAEA Board of Governors meeting

June 10-14, 2019

(agenda item 3 «Strengthening of the Agency’s technical cooperation activities. Technical Cooperation Report for 2018»)

Thank you, Madame Chair.

The delegation of Ukraine aligns itself with the statement delivered by the delegation of Romania on behalf of the EU on this particular issue.

In my national capacity, I would like to add the following remarks.

Ukraine is satisfied with the Director General’s “Technical Cooperation Report for 2018” and would like to thank the Secretariat for holding the relevant technical briefing on May 9.

We are particularly pleased that for many years the IAEA Technical Cooperation Programme remains a primary mechanism for transferring nuclear technology, knowledge and experience from the IAEA to Member States. The Agency’s channels, methods and technological means for information sharing also continue to evolve with an aim to promote tangible socioeconomic impacts, supporting the use of nuclear science and technology to address major sustainable development priorities at the national, regional and interregional levels. 

At the same time, further successful development is not unilateral but directly depends on predictable and substantive funding from Member States, who determine contents and character of such activities.

From our part, Ukraine pays it contributions to the TCF in full and on time. We encourage all Member States to contribute their share to the TCF.

As we note that only 129 of a total amount of 170 Member States, including 20 LDCs, paid their TCF target in full or partially, we support the need to strengthen the Due Account Mechanism. We recognize that the implementation of the DAM intends to increase the rate of attainment on the assessed TCF, while taking into account that it should not limit the TCF-funded participation in regional or interregional projects of a Member State with significant levels of unpaid target share.

Madame Chair,

We support the IAEA’s Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT).

Ukraine was among 7 Member States to receive imPACT mission in 2018. Such activities were a part of national efforts aimed to reform the health system and increase access to diagnosis and treatment. Ukraine received a number of recommendations on review and standardization of protocols for diagnosis and treatment of the most common cancers, radiotherapy and nuclear medicine services, the alignment of educational programmes with international norms, and the institutionalization of the role of medical physicists and radiation technologists.

Let me use this opportunity and, on behalf of the Government of Ukraine, to extend most sincere gratitude to the Department of Technical Cooperation and in particular to involved experts from PACT division for continued support in this regard.

We are especially pleased with the continuation of Agency’s activities aimed to render assistance and radiological support in mitigating the consequences of the Chornobyl disaster and rehabilitating the contaminated territories, conducted within the framework of the TC programme. Such efforts addressed safety in regulatory infrastructure, radiation protection of patients and workers, radioactive waste management including in the Chornobyl site, environmental remediation and decommissioning of facilities, as well as emergency preparedness and response.

We believe that Chornobyl-related activities, aimed at support and strengthening radiation and nuclear safety not only in Ukraine but the whole Europe region, should remain in a special focus of the Agency’s attention.

Madame Chair,

In conclusion, I would like to reiterate Ukraine’s appreciation for the Agency’s commitment to the Technical Cooperation Programme and promoting safe, secure and sustainable use of nuclear technologies for peaceful purposes.

With these comments, my delegation takes note of the Technical Cooperation Report for 2018 and joins other Member States in requesting that this report be transmitted to the General Conference.

Thank you, Madame Chair.

 

Statement by the delegation of Ukraine at the IAEA Board of Governors meeting

June 10-14, 2019

(agenda item 5 «Verification and monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of United Nations Security Council resolution 2231 (2015)»)

Thank you, Madame Chair.

Ukraine welcomes timely submission of comprehensive and substantive reports on the status of implementation of both, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231 and the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action JCPoA in general, as well as the DG’s report contained in document GOV/2019/__ in particular.

Let me also thank the Secretariat for the informative briefing conducted in June 2019 regarding the latest report of DG on verification and monitoring activities in Iran.

The latest developments regarding the JCPoA, in particular announcement by Iran on the restriction of several of its commitments under the JCPoA is a matter of great concern for Ukraine. We believe that the language of ultimatums should not be acceptable as normal in the modern global nuclear order.

As a staunch supporter of the NPT, Ukraine finds it critically important that Iran remains faithfully compliant with its relevant obligations under the JCPoA in full. Upholding the nuclear deal is the prerequisite for peace, stability, and security, both in the Middle East and globally.

As the country that is confronting the aggression from the nuclear-weapon state, Ukraine calls on Iran to refrain from any measures and activities that contradict its nuclear-related obligations. 

In this regard, Ukraine supports the Agency’s crucial role in verification and monitoring in Iran. We believe that the IAEA has full mandate to evaluate all safeguards-related information proved to be technically credible as well as request access to any location needed for comprehensive verification.

It is also important to further raise public awareness on the progress achieved by this nuclear deal.

Against this backdrop, Ukraine requests the Secretariat, following the past practice, that this report be made public.

We welcome further information by DG in this regard.

Thank you, Madame Chair.

 

Statement by the delegation of Ukraine at the IAEA Board of Governors meeting

June 10-14, 2019

(agenda item 5b «Application of safeguards in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea»)

Thank you, Madame Chair.

The delegation of Ukraine aligns itself with the statement delivered by the delegation of Romania on behalf of the EU on this particular issue.

In my national capacity, I would like to add the following remarks.

This year marks already 25 years since the Agency has not been able to conduct all necessary safeguards activities provided for in the DPRK’s NPT Safeguards Agreement. It is also consecutive 10 years since the Agency has not been able to implement any verification measures and, therefore, could not draw any safeguards conclusion regarding the DPRK.

Moreover, in his latest report on the DPRK issue in August 2018 DG Amano stated that the DPRK’s nuclear programme during 2018 included activities in relation to the Yongbyon Experimental Nuclear Power Plant reactor as well as the use of the building which houses the centrifuge enrichment facility and the construction at the light water reactor.

These facts are clear about the DPRK’s violations of relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions, including resolution 2375 (2017), and contradict the statements of this country regarding its interest to join international efforts for a comprehensive settlement.

The country, which continues to aggravate the situation on the Korean peninsula by acquiring a fully functional nuclear arsenal, should not only show its interest in negotiations, but start transforming commitments into deeds.

In this regard, we recognize the results of inter-Korean high-level negotiations of 2018, the signing of the Panmunjom Declaration, the US-DPRK Summit in Singapore and Hanoi, which can be a good basis for returning the DPRK to the path of full cooperation with the Agency and effective implementation of its NPT Safeguards Agreement.

Ukraine knows too well that the appeasement of a violator does not work. Moreover, such approach creates a room for manoeuvre, where the violator may interpret to his own advantage.

That is why Ukraine is of the view that there could be no chance of lifting the existing sanctions until:

  1. Full compliance of the DPRK with the norms of the international law.
  2. Complete and verifiable denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.

We believe that only the concurrent implementation by the DPRK of these steps could substantiate its willingness to contribute to enhancing of the existing security system not only regionally but globally as well. Ukraine supports enforcing of existing sanctions until the DPRK makes these concrete steps.

We urge the DPRK to return to the NPT and IAEA Safeguards Application.

Madame Chair,

Ukraine applauds the Secretariat for its continued efforts to enhance the operational readiness to resume safeguards implementation in the DPRK.

We note that after the creation of the Executive Group and the DPRK Team in 2017 the Agency has substantially increased its monitoring capabilities of the DPRK’s nuclear programme, in particular through enhancing the internal evaluation processes as well as using state-of-the-art-technology, such as satellite imagery.

With this in mind, and for better evidence of the nature of the DPRK’s peaceful statements, we kindly request the DG in his further reports to draw attention, where possible, to the denuclearization progress (if any) on Yongbyon site or other locations in the DPRK shortly after announcing by this state its relevant commitments on every of the past or future negotiation summit.

We also request the DG to continue informing the Board on this issue and to maintain this agenda item in further Board’s meetings.

Thank you, Madame Chair.

 

Statement by the delegation of Ukraine at the IAEA Board of Governors meeting

June 10-14, 2019

(agenda item 6b «Nuclear Verification. The Safeguards Implementation Report for 2018»)

Thank you, Madame Chair.

The delegation of Ukraine aligns itself with the statement delivered by the delegation of Romania on behalf of the EU on this particular issue.

In my national capacity, I would like to add the following remarks.

Ukraine welcomes the Director General’s “Safeguards Implementation Report for 2018” and thanks the Secretariat for holding the relevant technical briefing on May 22.

The report itself represents a detailed scope of Secretariat’s efforts to provide a credible assurance to the international community that States are abiding by their safeguards obligations under relevant agreements.

While safeguards and verification are a heart of the global non-proliferation regime and a fundamental pillar of the world’s security architecture, the IAEA is its brains. We applaud the Secretariat for building muscles in the State-level safeguards implementation which we consider to be a highly professional respond to the steadily growing demand for nuclear verification.

In this regard, we would like to thank Director General for his substantive report on Implementation of State-level Safeguards Approaches for States under Integrated Safeguards, presented in August 2018. This report was prepared in a transparent and inclusive manner, in close consultations with Member States, and enabled us to acquire a better understanding of the SLA implementation.

As requested by Member States in the Safeguards resolution of 2018 General Conference, we are looking forward for the next relevant DG’s report, taking into account that such report should be prepared only after the Secretariat gains further experience with the implementation of SLAs and within time framework needed for such assessment.

We welcome the fact that during 2018 the Agency developed SLAs for five States with a comprehensive safeguards agreement. This brings the total number of States with CSA for which an SLA has been developed to 130. We applaud the United Kingdom for its decision to join the “SLA-club” as a State with a voluntary offer agreement and an additional protocol in force.

At the same time, we take note of the fact that 11 States Parties to the NPT have not yet bring into force comprehensive safeguards agreements with the Agency as required by Article III of that Treaty. Consequently, the Secretariat could not draw any safeguards conclusions for them. We call on those States Parties to join in and make a substantial contribution to the enhancing of the global non-proliferation regime.

Madame Chair,

Ukraine welcomes the completion of the planned modernization of safeguards information technology on schedule, within scope and budget. We are pleased to note that the MOSAIC project has enabled the development of more than 20 tailored tools and applications to users in the Department of Safeguards.

We proceed from understanding that the most significant result of the MOSAIC project is the enhancing of the Agency’s techniques and technologies for drawing of soundly-based safeguards conclusions.

With this in mind, Ukraine finds it vital to continue further improvement and optimization of safeguards system, which remains an essential part of international confidence-building efforts.

In this regard, we highly appreciate the Agency’s continued efforts aimed at developing safeguards approaches and instrumentation for safeguards implementation at the Chornobyl facilities. During 2018 the Agency updated the safeguards approach for the transfer of spent fuel from wet storage to interim dry storage after conditioning. It also continues to develop an effective and efficient approach to safeguard the nuclear material contained in the New safe confinement of the Chornobyl nuclear power plant, installed over the damaged reactor Unit 4.

Madame Chair,

As in past years, the Agency was able to draw the “broader conclusion” for Ukraine in 2018. In its cooperation with the IAEA, Ukraine has done a significant work to ensure that the Agency was able to obtain all needed safeguards-relevant information to credibly confirm an exclusively peaceful nature of Ukrainian nuclear activities.

This is yet another proof that despite continued military aggression from a nuclear-weapon State, its temporary occupation and attempted annexation of Crimea, Ukraine remains fully committed to its obligations under the NPT in general and the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement in particular. The aggressor should clearly understand that any of the international organizations, where prevails the rule of law, will never be impudently used to recognize any alteration of the status of Crimea.

With these remarks Ukraine is pleased to take note of the SIR, Safeguards Statement for 2018 and of the Background to the Safeguards Statement and Summary.

Thank you, Madame Chair.

 

Outdated Browser
Для комфортної роботи в Мережі потрібен сучасний браузер. Тут можна знайти останні версії.
Outdated Browser
Цей сайт призначений для комп'ютерів, але
ви можете вільно користуватися ним.
67.15%
людей використовує
цей браузер
Google Chrome
Доступно для
  • Windows
  • Mac OS
  • Linux
9.6%
людей використовує
цей браузер
Mozilla Firefox
Доступно для
  • Windows
  • Mac OS
  • Linux
4.5%
людей використовує
цей браузер
Microsoft Edge
Доступно для
  • Windows
  • Mac OS
3.15%
людей використовує
цей браузер
Доступно для
  • Windows
  • Mac OS
  • Linux