The delegation of Ukraine took active participation in 48th Session of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization in the period of 22-23 June 2017
In its statement the delegation of Ukraine noted that the illegal occupation and attempted annexation of part of Ukraine’s territory – the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol – entailed militarization of the peninsula, including with nuclear capabilities. Such Russia’s actions breach Ukraine’s non-nuclear status.
It was underlined that Ukraine consistently stands for reducing the nuclear arsenals, stopping the modernization of nuclear weapons, and overall decrease of nuclear weapons' role in military and strategic doctrines of the states.
Statement by the delegation of Ukraine at the 48th Session of the Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO can be found below:
Statement by the Representative of Ukraine
at the Forty-Eighth Session of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
Vienna, June 22-23 2017
Ukraine aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union and wishes to add several remarks in its national capacity.
The consolidation and universalization of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty remains an essential component of the international community’s efforts to strengthen global peace and security.
Ukraine’s historic decision to become a non-nuclear weapon state has accorded Ukraine a leadership position in the international community’s quest to abolish nuclear weapons. However, it must not be acceptable that Ukraine’s deliberate choice to abandon nuclear weapon capabilities resulted in significant enhancement of security for all, except Ukraine.
Russia’s illegal occupation and attempted annexation of part of Ukraine’s territory – the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol – entailed militarization of the peninsula, including with nuclear capabilities. Such Russia’s actions breach Ukraine’s non-nuclear status.
We consistently stand for reducing the nuclear arsenals, stopping the modernization of nuclear weapons, and overall decrease of nuclear weapons' role in military and strategic doctrines of the states. We are particularly interested in strengthening the global nuclear non-proliferation regime.
Ukraine supports the Medium Term Strategy 2018-2023, which is a result of extensive consultations between the PTS and all Member States. We consider this document to be generally acceptable for Ukraine as it enables the PTS to identify, plan and implement strategic priorities for the CTBTO future work.
We are also encouraged by the signing of the Treaty by 183 States and welcome the ratification of the Treaty by 166 States, including 36 of the 44 (Annex 2 states), whose ratification is needed for its entry into force. At the same time, we are confident that nuclear test moratorium voluntarily declared by different states plays a necessary but not sufficient role as it will never replace the legally binding nature of the CTBT.
In this light, Ukraine calls upon all States which have yet to sign or ratify the CTBT, in particular the eight remaining Annex 2 States, to do so without delay.
Ukraine welcomes the results of the work of Japan and Kazakhstan as Article XIV coordinators. We reaffirm our determination to take concrete and actionable steps towards early entry into force and universalization of the Treaty.
In this regard Ukraine decided to submit its candidacy for the position of the Vice-President of the Article XIV Conference.
My delegation wishes to reiterate the readiness of Ukraine to fruitfully cooperate with the Provisional Technical Secretariat as well as other Member States in preparation for this event.
We are encouraged by the CTBTO Preparatory Commission’s efforts to establish the Treaty’s verification and monitoring system that would provide a credible and effective way to monitor Treaty compliance.
The capabilities of the CTBT verification regime have been demonstrated by the very timely and precise detection of nuclear tests conducted by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in 2006, 2009, 2013, 2014 and 2016. Ukraine believes that the effectiveness and reliable performance of the CTBT verification regime proves the urgent necessity of universalization of the CTBT.
For our part, Ukraine is making its own contribution to the development of the CTBTO International Monitoring System by hosting in Malin (Ukraine) primary seismic station PS 45 of the International Monitoring Station. Favorable geographic location enables the Station to register maximum amount of sources which originated on the territory on the earth’s sphere.
Provided by the PTS during 2014-2015 technical assistance to Ukraine, which included software and equipment needed for sustainable functioning of the PS 45 seismic station, enabled Ukraine to effectively exercise control over adherence of international treaties in the area of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and to conduct scientific researches including in the area of technogenic safety.
Though the Treaty has not yet come into force, we should continue to build up a technologically advanced verification system, which, in addition to the primary purpose of the CTBTO related to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, will be capable of bringing tangible scientific and civil benefits.
Thank you, Madam Chairperson.