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Statements by the Delegation of Ukraine at the Clusters 2 and 3 of the First Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference
10 May 2017 17:21

The First Session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference is taking place in Vienna on 2-12 May 2017

During the first week of the Session the Delegation of Ukraine delivered national statement within the framework of Cluster 1.

National statements of the Delegation of Ukraine at the Clusters 2 and 3 are provided below:

 

STATEMENT by the Head of the delegation of Ukraine at the First session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 NPT Review Conference

Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (cluster 2)

Mr Chairman,

Ukraine aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union and wishes to add some remarks in its national capacity.

Ukraine highly values the important role which the IAEA plays in coordinating international efforts in securing nuclear non-proliferation regime and facilitating the peaceful use of nuclear energy worldwide.

We support the IAEA efforts aimed at strengthening the effectiveness and improving the efficiency of its safeguards system. We welcome the progress made in the area of development of safeguards implementation at the State level which will enable the Agency to address new demands and challenges related to the nuclear technologies. In this vein we commend the high level of confidence between Ukraine and the Agency reflected in downsizing, since the application of the integrated safeguards in Ukraine in 2012, the verification activity in Ukraine.

Mr Chairman,

The international nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation process confronts serious challenges.

The nuclear and ballistic missile programmes of the DPRK and conduct of nuclear tests by this state in 2006, 2009, 2013, 2014 and 2016 present a serious threat to the international non-proliferation regimes and international peace, security and stability.

Ukraine repeatedly called upon the DPRK to fulfil relevant UN Security Council Resolutions, to abandon all its existing nuclear and ballistic missile programmes, renew its dialogue with the IAEA and re-engage constructively with the international community by taking meaningful steps towards denuclearization in order to work together towards lasting peace and security on a nuclear-free Korean peninsula.

Ukraine as a country will use all possible leverages in its capacity of a
non-permanent member of the Security Council this year in order to ensure North Korea’s return to the international legal framework.

Mr Chairman,

Recognizing the serious threat of nuclear terrorism, we reaffirm our commitment to work together with the international community to strengthen nuclear security.

Ukraine attaches great importance to the worldwide implementation and continuous improvement of the highest standards of nuclear security, especially taking into account that the nuclear-energy programme of my country stays one of the largest in Europe and includes 15 operational power units at 4 sites of Ukrainian NPPs.

The necessity to immediately strengthen and adapt the regime of physical protection of nuclear facilities and material in Ukraine is primarily related to the threats emanating from ongoing aggression of Russia.

Over the past three years Ukraine significantly improved and strengthened the national regime of physical protection of its facilities and material by developing and introducing at all Ukrainian NPPs comprehensive plans of action in case of sabotage and crisis situation. We implemented projects for modernization of physical protection systems of nuclear and waste management facilities which, inter alia, were incorporated in the Integrated Nuclear Security Support Plan of Ukraine for 2016-2018.

Mr Chairman,

Despite dramatic circumstances Ukraine remains firmly attached to its disarmament and non-proliferation choice. However, it must not be acceptable that historic decision of Ukraine to abandon nuclear weapon capabilities resulted in significant enhancement of security for all but Ukraine.

Russia’s illegal occupation and attempted annexation of part of Ukraine’s territory – the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol – entailed militarization of the peninsula, including with nuclear capabilities. Such Russia’s actions breach Ukraine’s non-nuclear status.

Mr Chairman,

We highly appreciate the IAEA principled position on safeguards application to all nuclear facilities and material on the whole territory of Ukraine, including the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, in accordance with the norms of international law, the IAEA Statute and Safeguards Agreement and Additional protocol thereto between Ukraine and the Agency.

Any possible attempts of Russia to extend its jurisdiction over nuclear facilities and material of Ukraine located on the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine - the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol - are null and void and shall be deemed unlawful.

The goals of nuclear non-proliferation demand that Russia ceases its unlawful actions as well as abstains from any steps leading to the violation of nuclear-free status of Ukraine.

Thank you, Mr Chairman.

 

STATEMENT by the Head of the delegation of Ukraine at the First session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2020 NPT Review Conference

Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (cluster 3)

Mr Chairman,

Ukraine aligns itself with the statement delivered by the European Union and wishes to add some remarks in its national capacity.

The Article IV of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons recognizes the inalienable right of the parties to the Treaty to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination and in conformity with Articles I and II of the NPT. We would like to underline that nothing in the Treaty should be interpreted as affecting this right.

Ukraine underscores the importance of peaceful nuclear technology for sustainable socio-economic development of nations, provided that nuclear activities of states are subject to the full scope IAEA safeguards.

In this regard, we reiterate our strong support for the Agency`s Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP), which plays an important role in the development of application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes and serves as a powerful tool for exchange of nuclear knowledge and capacity building in member states.

Proceeding from interests of Ukraine as a part of European region, we expect that nuclear safety, nuclear medicine, decommissioning, radioactive waste management and nuclear security will constitute priority thematic areas for the IAEA technical cooperation for the nearest future.

The IAEA regional and national technical cooperation projects have significantly contributed to nuclear safety and improving an overall effectiveness of peaceful use of nuclear energy in Ukraine.

Among National projects for 2016-2017 Ukraine attaches particular significance to the implementation of the project «Rendering assistance in decommissioning and radioactive waste management at the Chornobyl NPP onsite» and relevant regional projects aimed at supporting radiological management of abandoned areas following the Chornobyl accident and dissemination of Chornobyl NPP related information.

Ukraine stands ready to actively cooperate with the Agency on Chornobyl related issues for the next TCP project cycle for 2018-2019 by further implementing, inter alia, a national project aimed at supporting Chornobyl NPP Units Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste Management at the NPP site and within the Exclusion Zone.

Mr Chairman,

The minimization of consequences of the Chornobyl accident, social and economic rehabilitation of contaminated territories constitute a priority for the Government of Ukraine.

After several years of construction work and with support provided by international donors, Ukraine wishes to highlight the successful example of post-accident activities aimed at converting the destroyed Unit 4 into an environmentally safe system enabling safe demolition of unstable structures through the use of remote and state-of-art operated equipment.

The New Safe Confinement is an unprecedented engineering project in terms of design and construction. Never before has such a huge structure been constructed at a heavily contaminated site: the NSC is 108 meters high and 162 meters long, and has a span of 257 meters, the arch-shaped structure weighs approximately 36,000 tones. Its frame is a huge lattice construction of tubular steel elements, supported by two longitudinal concrete beams.

Being a key part of the Shelter Implementation Plan, the construction of the NSC at the site started in 2010, and is scheduled to be completed in 2017.

Mr Chairman,

Nuclear power will remain an important option to achieve energy security and sustainable development goals in the 21st century. Ukraine supports countries’ decisions to develop or further expand civil nuclear power programs. In our view the main prerequisite for the peaceful use of the nuclear energy is the state’s commitment to non-proliferation regime and to the highest standards of nuclear safety and security.

As the responsibility for nuclear security rests with individual state, Ukraine wishes to underline that all nuclear facilities of Ukraine are operating in a regular mode. For the past three years additional effective measures were undertaken by the competent authorities of Ukraine to ensure their nuclear security, including reinforced physical protection of  15 power units in operation at 4 sites of Ukrainian NPPs.

At present, we can confirm the high level of nuclear safety and nuclear security at the Ukrainian NPPs, where nuclear materials are stored and used.

Thank you, Mr Chairman.

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